This is the Salt Lake City section of
The Broadcast Archive
Barry Mishkind - The Eclectic Engineer
Last Update 3/14/06
A history of Salt Lake City AM Radio - Paul Wilson, May 2004.
Having spent more than
half of my broadcasting career working in Salt Lake City, this is my perspective
of the market’s radio history. By
no means is this a “complete” history, but this is my personal memories with
additional information gathered from other people and sources.
people put their favorite station on the first preset of their car radio, their
next favorite on the second and so forth. Radio
people, however often sequence their presets to flow from left to right on the
dial...from the lowest to highest frequency.
This history begins in the same way, moving from left to right along
today’s radio dial beginning with 570 KNRS.
Clear Channel acquired the 570 frequency at the end of 1997, when Jacor
traded the 106.5 FM frequency to Trumper for 570.
Today 570 KNRS is Clear Channel’s flagship news/talk station carrying
Rush, Dr. Laura, Coast-to-Coast and Paul Harvey among other programs. Utah
broadcasting pioneer Frank Carman put the station on the air in 1938 as KUTA
(those call letters later went to a station in Blanding) but when I moved to
Salt Lake in 1975 to attend the University of Utah it was well established as
KLUB with a beautiful music format. In
the early 80s beautiful music gave way to “Music of Your Life” (one of the
early syndicated adult-standards formats) but when the Carman family sold the
station (and sister KISN-FM) the new San Diego-based owners began simulcasting
the FM programming, splitting KISN-AM for broadcasts of the NBA’s Utah Jazz.
The stations were later sold to Chicago-based Trumper Broadcasting, and the Jazz
were the foundation around which a sports format was built on “Sports Radio
570". Even after the Jazz
moved to Citadel’s KFNZ the sports format remained for a year or so until the
Jacor-Trumper swap allowed the new owners to create KNRS at 570 AM and KOSY at
106.5 FM in 1998. KNRS operates at
5kw with a directional pattern at night; the transmitter site is on 2200 North
just west of I-15 near the Davis county line and on the shore of the Great Salt
Lake. In the late 80s, when the
lake level rose by several feet and threatened to flood the studios, the tower
bases would have been underwater had they not been sandbagged.
Not surprisingly KISN (and KSL, whose transmitter was also in the path of
the advancing lake waters) received an unusually high number of DX reports that
year since the Great Salt Lake functioned as each AM stations’ ground system.
(“K-Talk”), a unique and mostly local talk station that I remember as KSXX,
with studios on State Street just above 4th South.
Both the station and the Ron Baile School of Broadcast were operated by
Starley Bush and Paul Droubay; the two later split, with Droubay beginning KDAB-FM
in Ogden (now Citadel’s KBER) and Bush retaining the broadcasting school and
daytime AM station. Shortly after gaining nighttime authority in the early 80s
when the city of license was changed to Sandy, the KSXX talk format was replaced
by top 40 music and the call letters changed to KZJO (“63 Joe”).
After about six months the music was replaced by network talk from ABC
(Michael Jackson and others). I’m
not sure at what point the call letters were changed to KTKK; Starley eventually
sold the station and it has progressed through several owners over the years.
In early 2003, Clear Channel moved the call letters and format of KALL 910
down the dial to 700, finally giving KALL the same 50,000 watts of power as KSL
(although KALL operates with 1000 watts and a directional pattern at night).
George Hatch started KALL 910 after World War II and owned the station
for nearly 50 years; morning host Tom Barberi has been with the station since
the early 1970s. The station was
always a worthy if underpowered competitor to KSL; I remember KALL 910 as the
flagship of the Intermountain Network, originating local and regional news and
sports programming that was fed to stations throughout the rocky mountain region
on phone lines until satellite technology made this system obsolete.
In addition to IMN, KALL was the home of ABC news, Paul Harvey,
University of Utah sports and was a true full-service AM station where
personalities like Barberi, Chris Corey and Danny Kramer cracked jokes between
the records. Hatch sold the KALL
stations (AM 910 and 94.1 FM) in the 90s to the owners of KKAT (I believe it was
Regent) which consolidated all of the operations in KALL’s building at 312
East South Temple. The KALL/KODJ/KKAT
stations were eventually purchased by Jacor, which later merged with Clear
Channel; when Clear Channel bought KTVX-4 they sold KALL to Mercury Broadcasting
(a San Antonio based holding company, although Clear Channel sold KALL’s
advertising under a joint sales agreement).
When Disney/ABC purchased the 910 frequency for its own Radio Disney
format, Clear Channel moved KALL’s programming to 700 AM replacing the classic
country format and KWLW call letters the station had carried since Jacor’s
acquisition in 1997. Although
licensed for 50,000 watts daytime, KFAM (the original calls of 700) drastically
reduced power at night to protect one of the original high-power “clear
channel” AM stations, legendary WLW/Cincinnati (the “nation’s station”). David Williams, owner of General Telephone (a paging company)
was the original licensee but the station’s beautiful music format was never a
KSVN was a daytime station with at various times pop and/or country formats
during the 70s. By the 80s it had
adopted the Spanish language format that it still operates with today.
Licensed to Roy, KSOS was an oldies station owned and operated by Brent
Larson for much of the 80s. Today
it is owned by Simmons and simulcasts the programming of 1280 “The Zone”, as
does Provo’s 960 KOVO. Along with
its purchase of most of Simmons’ FM stations, Bonneville acquired the
construction permit for the new 820 frequency.
The pending call letters are KUTR, which are former calls of 860
AM...which achieved its highest ratings with an all-LDS music format during the
80s. My first job in Salt Lake City
radio was at KWHO-AM 860 and FM 93.3; I was the last person hired by John Dehnel
before he joined KSL radio as their chief engineer in 1975.
At that time KWHO-AM was a daytime only station that played classical
music, and the FM was an automated pop music station.
Both were owned by an attorney and operated from an old house on East 2nd
South. (Believe it or not, the
station did NOT have cart machines until after I left in 1976...the classical
music was all on vinyl; the rock was on reel-to-reel tape and commercials played
from reel tapes also.) At various
times the 860 signal was home to CNN headline news (as KCNR) and simulcasts of
the 93.3 FM (classic rock KLZX and country KUBL) and 98.7 FM (A/C KBEE-FM)
programming but became a “Radio Disney” affiliate in 1999.
With the loss of Radio Disney in 2003 and the simultaneous demise of KWLW,
Citadel affiliated with Jones Radio Network’s “classic country” format and
the station (KBEE-AM) is now known as “Coyote Country 860".
Arch Madsen (who would later rise to the top of Bonneville International)
was the first general manager of Provo’s KOVO (then at 1240) in 1939. Through
the mid-70s KOVO AM and sister KFMC-FM were programmed for Utah county listeners
and sold primarily to Utah county advertisers.
I was hired shortly after the station was purchased by First Media
Corporation (which was controlled by the William Marriott family and also owned
Z-93 in Atlanta and WPGC in Washington DC) to do overnights and later
7-Midnight. The call letters had
been changed to KAYK AM/FM and was known as “K-96" since the frequency
was common to both signals (960 AM and 96.1 FM).
The format was “pop adult”, a forerunner of today’s mainstream
adult contemporary. I left in early
1978 and the stations passed through a couple of owners and several formats.
The FM later changed frequencies (to 96.3) and transmitter sites and
today is Simmons alternative X-96. The
AM became full-service KDOT for a time, was Spanish for a time and off the air
for a while. Today it simulcasts Simmons “Zone” format with 1280 in
Salt Lake and 800 in Weber County.
KIQN: The non-profit Park City Wireless owns 1010 KIQN, which I originally
remember as KTLE at 990 in the 70s and 80s, hidden behind the Oquirrh mountains
in Tooele county (west of the city and south of the Great Salt Lake).
The city of license has since been changed to Magna (on the Salt Lake
side of the Oquirrhs) and “KIQ” operates at 50kw day and 225 watts
(directional) at night, carrying CNN headline news.
KDYL: Although the station currently on 1060 carries the call letters KDYL,
this is not the first home of those historic call letters.
Brothers Art and Ralph Carlson (who also operated A&R Meats) signed
on KRSP-AM in 1966 and KRSP-FM (at 103.5) in 1967 as vehicles to advertise their
meat company. I worked there during the 70s (when Christmas bonuses for the
air staff included A&R Meat products) as KRSP battled with top 40
competitors KCPX and KNAK. KRSP-AM
boasted 10,000 watts of daytime power and the signal carried well beyond the
borders of Utah...unfortunately it did not have nighttime authority, so as the
AM signed off at sunset its FM simulcast partner continued to broadcast.
In 1979 the station was re-licensed to South Salt Lake and four
additional towers were erected behind the studios in Murray giving KRSP-AM a
small (150 watt) but listen-able night-time signal over much of the Salt Lake
valley. By then, however, the
massive audience shift to FM had begun and the AM struggled as a top 40 (briefly
known as “10K”) and later as an oldies station before becoming one of the
first stations in the country to target pre-teenage listeners.
The call letters were changed to KKDS and “The Imagination Station”
(later “Radio AAHS”) continued through much of the 90s before evolving once
again into what it is today...a locally programmed adult standards station
featuring popular music from WWII through the 70s.
are a couple of very unique twists to the story of 1060.
During its halcyon years of the early 70s as a top 40 station, the
morning talent on KRSP FM/AM was Mark VanWagoner.
After working at KSL and other stations in the area, Mark is back on 1060
doing mornings with his wife of many years, Gayle.
Also the call letters KDYL have now been associated with every Salt Lake
City frequency that played top 40 music during the 1970s.
They were originally assigned to 1320 but were changed to KCPX when the
AM station (along with its FM and TV partners) were purchased by Columbia
Pictures. The historic KDYL call
letters lay dormant until 1982, when they were resurrected and replaced KNAK on
1280 (KNAK, KRSP and KCPX were all top 40 competitors during the 60s and 70s)
where they lived for about 20 years. Simmons
changed the KDYL call sign to KZNS (in honor of another historic Salt Lake call
sign, KZN) in November 2001, and after 26 months of rest they were placed on
their current home, 1060. One final
note: regardless of the format or call sign, the colors red, white and blue have
been part of almost every logo since inception (view them at http://www.kkds.com/aboutus.htm).
At one time Carlson Communications also owned stations in Idaho, Nevada
and Arizona, but today Ralph Carlson’s Holiday Broadcasting (the only licensee
KRSP/KKDS/KDYL has ever had) remains as one of the last local family-owned radio
stations in the Salt Lake market.
KANN: There has been religious programming on 1120 in Ogden as far back as I
can remember. Today KANN is the
only AM station carrying the religious “Sounds of the Spirit” network
originating from Las Vegas.
KSL: The grandfather of all Utah radio stations is KSL.
With 50,000 watts at 1160, its signal still covers much of the nation and
is one of the few heritage three-letter call signs that have survived the
consolidation and deregulation eras. Obviously
they stand for “Salt Lake”, but the original 1922 call sign was KZN.
With backing from the major newspapers (whose publishers initially saw
radio as a way to promote subscriptions but later came to recognize broadcasting
as a viable financial enterprise) KZN (with support from the Deseret News)
along with the original KDYL and the station that would later become KLO were
among the stations that survived into the 1930s.
letters KSL were granted in 1922 (about a month before KZN officially signed on)
to a station in San Francisco; in 1924 KZN was changed briefly to KFPT...but in
1925 the station became KSL at roughly the same time that Earl Glade joined the
station. Glade managed KSL until
the late 1930s. At some point the
station changed dial position from 1130 to 1160.
KSL has been the broadcast home of the Mormon Tabernacle Choir (recently
honored by the National Association of Broadcasters for “Music and the Spoken
Word”, which has aired on the station since 1929).
Much is written elsewhere about the glorious history of the station and
its FM and TV counterparts, so I’ll share a couple of stories you might not
hear anywhere else.
presenting a larger-than-life image, KSL’s studios were named “Broadcast
House” (a name originally tied to KSL’s “Home of Radio” imaging
campaign, capitalizing on KSL’s long and legendary heritage).
For many years, all three of the major network television affiliates
(KUTV-2, KCPX-4, KSL-5 as well as KCPX and KSL radio) were located on the same
short street...one-block long Social Hall Avenue that runs east from State
Street. As each station outgrew its
space and needed to upgrade their facilities during the 70s, all of the
broadcast operations left downtown. KCPX
was first followed by KUTV (both of them moved to industrial parks near West 21st
South). KSL was the last to move, and chose to remain near the heart of the
city...relocating to the Triad Center less than a mile to the west.
As the old Social Hall studios were being dismantled, I heard the story
from more than one person that as engineers began pulling cable out of a wall it
just kept coming and coming, with no end in sight. Finally they decided to find where this wire terminated.
It was traced it into the ceiling, up a couple of floors and on a long
maze throughout the building only to discover that…it terminated in the room
next door to where they had begun pulling it.
After decades in the same building, I guess anything is possible…and
whether this story is true or not, it’s an interesting radio “urban
KJQS: (branded on air as “KJQ the Sports Animal”) has a long a colorful
history. It’s what was once a 1kw “class IV AM”, and I knew that the
station in the 60s had a top 40 format and the call letters KMUR (which made
sense, as it was licensed to Murray). When
higher power competitors came along (KCPX and KNAK both had 5kw and KRSP had
10kw) the station changed format and call letters (to KMOR as country).
I remember seeing the “KMOR” sign next to Zion Motors, the Chrysler
dealership on State Street in Murray (both were owned by the Wilkinson family)
but I arrived at the end of the country era.
Neil Ross @
In late 1975 my second job in the market was doing overnights at KMOR;
two weeks after I started the format was changed to adult contemporary and this
18-year old kid was making $500 a month doing mornings.
Four months into the journey, however, the owner declared bankruptcy and
the staff all left being owed several weeks pay. The studios and transmitter were located in a field west of
I-15 near 4900 South but were torn down a few years later to make way for an
indoor amusement park. The studios
moved to a State Street storefront a few blocks from where they had been a
decade before and went through a number of changes including all comedy radio
(as KLAF), top 40 again (as KPRQ, or “K-Park 12") and a variety of talk
formats (finally as KWUN, or “K-One”) before finally going dark in the late
90s. Citadel purchased the bankrupt
frequency, combined the transmitter site with 1320 (near the original site in
Murray) and launched a second sports station using ESPN Radio and overflow
play-by-play from 1320 KFAN (which carried the NBA Jazz, AAA baseball and minor
league hockey). They also tried to
capitalize on the “KJQ” call letters by applying for the call sign KJQS and
imaging the station as “KJQ the Sports Animal” (more on the history of KJQ
KZNS: Since Citadel programs sports on both 1230 and 1320 frequencies, what
do you suppose Simmons does with 1280? That’s
right...sports. 1280 “The Zone”
pays homage to KSL’s original call letters...but I doubt that anyone who
listened to the original KZN in 1922 makes the connection with today’s KZNS. The history of 1280 begins after WWII when Howard Johnson (no
relation to the hotel) signed on KNAK. (Those
call letters now reside on a station downstate in Delta, and the Johnson family
continues to influence Utah radio today; Howard’s son Jerry manages stations
in St. George.) By the mid 60s,
“1280 K-NAK” had become the dominant rock station in town.
Morning jock Lynn Lehman and night jock “Skinny” Johnny Mitchell gave
the station a very distinctive sound...and Program Director Gary “Wooly”
Waldron had his finger squarely on the pulse of the Salt Lake audience.
After years of trying unsuccessfully to beat them, KCPX hired the three
keys to KNAK’s success away. With
a better signal (5kw full time at 1320, as opposed to KNAK’s 5kw day and
directional night pattern), incredible stability of the air staff and the full
backing of Columbia Pictures’ bankroll, KCPX was by far the most listened to
station in the city through the entire decade of the 70s.
After losing key staffers, KNAK continued to play but never won again and
was finally sold to a man named Williams in 1976.
Mr. Williams changed the call letters to KWMS, took off the rock and roll
and put on an all-news format that remained for a several years.
In the mid 80s, Simmons purchased KWMS, changed call letters to KDYL and
the format to adult standards (remember the original KDYL began broadcasting in
1922 alongside KZN). Under Simmons
ownership, the facility has been upgraded to a directional 10kw day and 600
watts at night and the station’s current programming is simulcast on AM
stations to the south and north of the metro.
KFNZ: I’ve already written a lot about 1320, but suffice to say that KCPX
was THE dominant top 40 station through the entire decade of the 70s.
The rock solid lineup of morning man Lynn Lehman, night jock
"Skinny” Johnny Mitchell, afternoon jock and PD “Wooly” Waldron and
news anchor Joe Lee endured for most of the decade and greatly contributed to
KCPX’s consistency. It wasn’t
until FM listening levels finally surpassed AM in the early 80s that KCPX-AM
declined noticeably. The call
letters were changed to KBUG for a time as the station “evolved” into more
of an adult-contemporary station before reclaiming the KCPX calls and an oldies
format for a time in the late 80s. After
a short period as a news/talk station under the calls KCNR, Citadel instituted
an all-sports format and the station became “1320 K-FAN” (KFNZ).
KSOP: KSL (which has always been controlled in one fashion or another by the
LDS church) and 1370 KSOP (and sister station KSOP-FM) are perhaps the last
stations still being operated by the original license holder.
Henry Hilton signed on the AM as a daytimer in the late 50s, the FM
followed in about 1960; both stations have always played country music and are
still owned and operated by the Hilton family.
Although the KSOP stations (the call letters represent the three major
cities of the Wastach front, Salt Lake, Ogden and Provo) the AM today runs an
automated classic country format featuring country gold from the 50s through the
KSRR: I remember 1400 in Provo as being another country station in the
mid-70s using the call letters KFTN. Today
KSRR (K-Star) serves Utah County with an adult contemporary format.
KLO: originally signed on in the mid-20s as KFUR. Licensed to Ogden, it struggled until the early 30’s when
Abe Glassman, owner of the Standard-Examiner newspaper assumed
control and changed the call letters to KLO (in honor of Mt. Ben Lomond, which
towers over Ogden). KLO was the
flagship of the Interstate Broadcasting Corporation (later the Intermountain
Network), and Abe’s son-in-law George Hatch became station manager in 1941.
At one time the Glassman/Hatch empire included the Ogden newspaper, KALL
AM/FM and KUTV in Salt Lake City but today the family has divested itself of all
media properties. One Glassman
daughter married George Hatch and another married Cecil Heftel who briefly owned
KLO before building his own chain of stations (including Miami’s Y100 among
others). Today KLO has a news/talk
format and is owned by John Webb along with KBZN-FM (the Breeze).
KEYY: As dominant as KCPX was in Salt Lake, 1450 KEYY was an equally
dominant top 40 station for Utah County in the 70s.
Provo-Orem was not added to Arbitron Salt Lake-Ogden metro area until the
mid 80s, and most of the Utah county signals did not penetrate well to the north
so KEYY was a well-kept secret to everyone except Utah county listeners and BYU
students. By about 1980, when FM
listenership passed AM levels, the then-owners of KEYY saw FM as the future and
obtained a construction permit for a new Provo FM station at 94.9 (KRMQ).
Eventually both signals were sold to separate parties and although the
KEYY call letters remain the 1450 frequency is home to religious programming.
KHQN: One of the more interesting formats in the 70s and 80s was found on
another Utah county AM during the 70s and 80s.
I remember 1480 KHQN as being the mouthpiece for a group of Hare Krishnas;
if you wanted to hear sitar music, this was your station.
Today the station carries Radio Unica Spanish programming.
call signs 1010 KIQ(N), 1230 KJQ(S) and 1480 KHQ(N) are no coincidence;
they’re all following the lead set by the original Salt Lake three-letter
wannabe, 15 KJQ. The history of
this frequency begins in 1947 when Arch Webb started KVOG (the “Voice of
Ogden”). For a time in the 60’s
he also operated KVOG-TV on channel 9. After
30 years of ownership, Arch sold 1490 KVOG; he was retiring and his son John had
signed on KZAN-FM (now KBZN). The
new owner was SGS Broadcasting and the letters noted the names of the principals
Sherman, Greenleigh and Sanchez. Tom Greenleigh, who had programmed KRLA/Los Angeles only a
few years before, moved to Ogden and became the station’s general manager.
The call letters were changed to KJQN and the on-air ID was 15 KJQ; the
station’s contemporary format was targeted squarely at Weber and north Davis
counties. Although KJQ was
successful for several years, by 1983 AM listenership was on the decline and SGS
entered into an agreement with Garrett Haston from El Paso who held the
construction permit for a new FM signal at 95.5.
(Interestingly the transmitter site for KJQ-FM was on Little Mountain
west of Ogden, the same site that KVOG-TV used twenty years earlier.
The black and white TV transmitter was still in the building but by this
time channel 9 had been re-allocated to the University of Utah as an educational
channel.) I joined KJQ in 1983 just
as the FM signed on (it operated as a simulcast of the AM for the first year)
and I became the station’s second program director in 1984.
KJQ-FM was a top 40 station until 1988 when it changed format to
alternative and achieved its highest ratings; however the AM went through a
variety of formats after abandoning contemporary hits in about 1985, from oldies
to full-service AC to talk before finally being sold in the early 90s to
religious broadcasters and changing call letters to KYFO.
Once again the 1490 and 95.5 frequencies are a simulcast.
thought three call letters sounded very cool, and we even has the old KCBQ
“shotgun” jingle sung for the station during my time as PD.
Of course, at the top of the hour we had to legally ID the station as
KJQN…funny how that last letter always got slurred, so it sounded like “KJQ
in Ogden”. The fact that there
were a couple of other three-letter calls in the market (KSL and KLO) were a
factor in the decision to use a three-letter ID as well.
In looking back I’m proud of the work we did at KJQ; we had less to
work with than the major Salt Lake contemporary stations we competed against but
had to sound every bit as good. I
know I never worked harder than I did there, and the skills I learned during
that time have continued to serve me well throughout my career.
KRGO: When I worked at 1550 KRGO during the late 70s it was known as
“Country Kargo”. The station
was owned and operated by Gene Guthrie and despite a robust 10,000 daytime
signal the station had no nighttime authority until about 1976 and was a
perennial runner-up to KSOP. Guthrie
focused his efforts on his FM station in the 80s and the AM at various times ran
Satellite Music Network’s metal based “Z-Rock” format and a locally
programmed oldies format with the call letters KRPN, identifying itself as
“WKRP in Salt Lake City” (another example of making your final call letter
an “N”). Today the call letters
are KMRI and it features a religious format.
KSGO: Prior to adopting the KSGO call sign, the 1600 frequency was home to
the historic KCPX letters for a number of years.
When Trumper relaunched KCPX as a classic hits station on 105.7 in 1999,
they purchased the call sign from 1600. Licensed to Centerville, 1600 KSGO today
is another Spanish station.
the years, the Salt Lake AM radio dial has changed and become more crowded.
However the more things change the more they stay the same, as 1160 KSL,
570 KNRS, 1320 KFNZ and 700 KALL are today’s top rated AM stations…virtually
the same call letters and/or frequencies that have dominated Salt Lake’s AM
dial for more than forty years.
1946 Salt Lake City AM radio dial
KOVO (Provo, later moved to 960)
KNAK (later moved to 1280)
2004 Salt Lake City AM radio dial
KNRS (News/Talk, owned by Clear Channel)
KALL (Talk/Sports, owned by Clear Channel)
KSVN (Ogden - Spanish)
KSOS (Roy - Oldies, owned by Simmons)
KUTR (new CP, owned by Bonneville)
KBEE-AM (Classic Country, owned by Citadel)
KWDZ (Radio Disney, owned by ABC)
KOVO (Provo - simulcast 1280, owned by Simmons)
KIQN (Tooele - CNN Headline News)
KDYL (Adult Standards)
KANN (Ogden - Contemporary Christian)
KSL (News/Talk, owned by Bonneville)
KJQS (ESPN Sports, owned by Citadel)
KZNS (News/Sports, owned by Simmons)
KFNZ (Sports, owned by Citadel)
KSOP-AM (Classic Country)
KLO (Ogden - Talk)
KEYY (Provo - religious)
KHQN (Spanish Fork)
KYFO (Ogden - religious)
KSGO (Centerville - Spanish)
KXOL (Brigham City)
history of Salt Lake City FM Radio – Paul Wilson, March 2005.
Salt Lake FM dial is one of the most crowded and competitive in the United
States. Virtually all of the FM channels allocated to the market are
occupied and stations licensed to communities as far as 200 miles away reach the
Wasatch Front via translators, boosters or simulcast partners. Over thirty
signals fill the commercial FM band from 92.1 to 107.9 mHz. Deregulation
during the 1990’s brought multiple ownership, facility and format changes that
continue to the present day. While it was easy to cover the AM dial in a
linear fashion, my discussion of the FM band is perhaps better accomplished by
grouping owners together. (WARNING: this is more complicated tracing
a family tree, you WILL need a dance card to keep track of all the
– KUBL and KKAT (a tale of two country stations)
addition to three AM signals (860, 1230 and 1320) Citadel owns five FM stations
making them one of the largest group owners in the market. Citadel entered
Salt Lake in the late 80s with their purchase of the KWHO stations (860 and
93.3) from attorney Reese C. Anderson and the FM call letters were changed to
KLZX (call letters now assigned to a station in Logan). The format was
classic hits and later classic rock as the station evolved into “Z93”, a
competitor to “Rock 103” (KRSP). This battle grew increasingly
competitive and Citadel hired away KRSP’s morning team of Jon (Carter) and Dan
(Bammes), but in 1993 they abandoned rock and changed format to country.
Using the same template as in other markets, Citadel launched “K-Bull 93”
and over the past decade it has become Utah’s leading country station.
May 2004, Citadel acquired 101.9 KKAT from Clear Channel and closed the book on
twenty years of KKAT’s history as a country station. In the early 1980s
two Ogden FM stations, KDAB (at 101.1, what is now KBER) and KZAN (at 97.9, what
is now KBZN) were allowed to relocate their transmitter sites to Farnsworth
Peak, the common tower site for Salt Lake City’s FM and TV stations in the
Oquirrh mountains. Theirs was an early landmark “Arizona waiver” case
that allowed stations to expand their signal coverage into adjacent larger
cities. An Ogden doctor and his wife operated KBOC, later KQPD at 101.9 for many
years as a “beautiful music” station for Ogden, but when the station was
finally sold in 1984 it also moved to Farnsworth Peak. One of the
principals was Terry McWright, who came from a rock station in Oklahoma and held
an interest in classic rock KKLZ/Las Vegas. Market speculation was that
the format for 101.9 would be rock but when KKAT launched in 1984 it was with a
hybrid AC/country format. Within a year, however, the songs of Seals and
Crofts and other AC artists were gone and “Kat Country” was a
full-blown country station. Through a number of ownership changes (the
station was sold to Brown Broadcasting, which also owned KGB/San Diego; then to
Regent; then to Jacor, which eventually merged with Clear Channel) KKAT remained
a viable competitor until the end of the 90s until Clear Channel’s cost
cutting strategy led the station to a “more music” image as K102 and
virtually all of the shifts were voice tracked. At the end of 2003, Clear
Channel sold KKAT and the 94.9 frequency to Marathon and the KAT briefly
resurfaced until Citadel purchased KKAT. The KKAT call letters were
transferred to Citadel’s 860 AM, and 101.9 has been re-launched as a pop CHR
station (KPQP, or “Pop 101.9”).
1947, Salt Lake City had only two commercial FM stations…at 100.3
(Bonneville’s KSL-FM) and 98.7 (what is now KBEE-FM). In the early
1970s, KCPX-FM (at 98.7) was known as “Stereo X” and was the home of a
wide-ranging free-form album rock format…but under the direction of KCPX
Program Director Gary Waldron, by the end of the 70’s the station had evolved
into “Real Rock 99 FM”. The playlist was short (only a couple hundred
songs) and it quickly became the market’s top-rated station, combining the
laid-back presentation of album rock with tight top 40 rotations a decade before
Pirate Radio spawned the term “Rock 40”. As the 80’s began, the
station hired a full staff of announcers and “99FM” continued to dominate
the market. I was fortunate enough to hold the 7-midnight shift for nearly
four years, until the musical pendulum swung back toward pop music and the
station evolved again. By 1984 there was a new crew of jocks, the format
was CHR and “Hitradio 99” again dominated the market. Screen
Gems/Columbia Pictures had owned the KCPX stations (AM, FM and TV) for a number
of years but sold the TV station in the mid 70s. In the mid 80s they sold
the radio stations to John Price, a Salt Lake based contractor best known for
building massive shopping malls. Under Price, the station evolved into
“Power 99” and finally to AC as KVRY (Variety 98.7). The historic KCPX
letters were parked on a small AM station in Centerville for about twenty years
(more on that later). Price eventually sold the stations to Citadel; the
format remained AC but the call letters were changed to KBEE (B98.7), which is
how the station is known today.
the 1970s, Starley Bush and Paul Droubay split their partnership and went their
separate ways. Bush continued to operate KSXX-AM while the Droubay family
launched KDAB-FM in Ogden at 101.1. I believe originally the call letters
stood for “Droubay and Bush”, but the station was known as “B101” for
about 15 years (and KDAB was one of the first two stations in the market that
successfully maneuvered itself into the city by moving its transmitter site to
Farnsworth Peak). I was out of the market during much of the 90s when the
Droubay family eventually sold the station, but it was Chris Devine’s Marathon
who moved the KBER call letters and the rock format from the weaker 106.5 signal
to 101.1 when they acquired the property. Citadel purchased the station in
the mid 90s and KBER has been the market’s dominant rock voice for nearly two
decades (across two frequencies, the original 106.5 and today’s 101.1).
107.5, KENZ is only one of two FM signals that still originate from Lake
Mountain in Utah country (94.9 is the other). Through various facility
changes, two other Lake Mountain FMs (96.1 and 106.5) have both moved 40 miles
north to sites in the Oquirrh mountains. Lake Mountain signals do not
cover the entire metro; they are particularly weak to the north (Weber and Davis
counties) and the eastern part of Salt Lake County. Despite signal
limitations, “The End” has carved out a niche for itself with a unique adult
alternative format. I recall the original call letters were KABE when the
station began in the early 80s as alternative. It became AC “Magic” (KMGR)
for a time but during the 90s Richard Rees and Biff Raffe (a.k.a. Bruce Jones)
who had worked together at a couple of other stations in Salt Lake launched
“The End” and eventually sold the station to Citadel.
CHANNEL – KZHT and KISN
is Salt Lake’s third-oldest commercial FM signal. KLUB-FM signed on in
1961 with a “beautiful music” format but when FM listening levels surpassed
AM in the early 1980s the call letters were changed to KISN (made available by
the demise of Don Burden’s station in Portland) and the format was changed to
AC. “Kissin’ 97” existed for about 20 years under several owners
(Frank Carman sold to San Diego-based Sun Mountain, which sold to Chicago-based
Trumper, who sold to Clear Channel in 2000)…and through much of that run the
station was anchored by the morning team of (Scott) Fisher and Todd (Collard).
Fisher and Todd (later joined by Erin Frazer, who married Todd) gave the station
a larger-than-life image, but after Todd and Erin left to join B98.7 for
mornings Clear Channel struggled to find a suitable partner for Fisher.
From top 40 KFMY in the early 80s, Scott Fisher has been a morning fixture for
more than twenty years, moving from KISN to Star 102.7 and most recently to
the final years of the Fisher, Todd and Erin morning show, KISN’s format
underwent some major adjustments. The station had always been a
female-leaning AC or CHR station, but shortly after purchasing KISN Clear
Channel changed format to a rock-based and male-leaning 80s format and the
ratings declined. As interest in the 80s music waned KISN returned to its
AC roots but the damage had been done and the station was unable to recover.
Clear Channel then dropped the “Kissin’” name and re-launched the station
under the “KISS” brand as a hot AC, but by early 2004 threw in the towel and
moved CHR KZHT from 94.9 to the better 97.1 frequency when they sold 94.9 to
Marathon. Today the KISN call letters reside on another Clear Channel
station in Montana, and Entercom’s Portland oldies station that identifies as
“Kissin’” is legally KKSN.
roots of KZHT can be traced to the early 1980s, when the Grow family (which
owned KEYY-AM in Provo) began building a FM station at 94.9. The family
eventually sold the AM to one party and the FM to another. During the 80s
94.9 was owned by Eric Rhodes (who now publishes Radio Ink magazine) and an
incredible list of talents worked there at various times (including Kidd
Kraddick, Sean Demery and the late Jay Stone). Under the call letters KLRZ,
it was an AC known as “Color 95” but later evolved into CHR as “Z95”.
In the 90s the station was sold to another investor, the format was changed to
“new age” and the call letters to KTOU (“The Touch”). After an
unsuccessful year or two, the format wheel was spun again…and KZHT “Hot
94.9” was born in early 1989. When Jacor (later Clear Channel) acquired
the station in the late 90s they attempted to improve the signal with a booster
on 94.9 and translator at 97.5…and despite an impaired signal, 94.9 ZHT was
the top-cuming station in the market and often ranked in the top 3 12-plus.
CHANNEL – KODJ
signed on in the late 60s at 94.1. Through much of the 70s the FM was
simply a simulcast of KALL-AM’s morning host Tom Barberi and the rest of KALL-AM’s
programming. By the early 80s KALL-FM became a personality-based AC under
the call letters KLCY (“Classy 94”)…and in the 90s changed to what it is
today, KODJ (Oldies 94.1).
CHANNEL – KJMY
to Bountiful, this station originally signed on in the late 80s as a soft AC
with the call letters KLVV (for K-LOVE) and was operated by Starley Bush (who
also owned AM 630, talk formatted KTKK). In the early 90s the format
changed to Top 40 and re-launched as KUTQ (Q99). Jacor acquired the
station in 1996 and changed formats again with the call letters KURR and it
evolved into a hard-edged “classic rock that really rocks” station.
“Rock 99” achieved its best ratings with the Mick and Allan morning show
under Jacor’s ownership but has struggled for many years; in late 2004 it
became “My 99.5-Familiar New Rock and Retro Classics” with the call letters
CHANNEL – KOSY
not recall exactly at what point during the 1980s that a station first appeared
on the 106.5 frequency. Licensed to Spanish Fork (south of Provo) the
original frequency was 106.3 but changed to 106.5 when the transmitter site was
moved to Lake Mountain. While the signal covered all of Utah and most of
Salt Lake County it did not effectively reach Davis or Weber counties.
106.5 was the original home of KBER for several years (which later moved to the
better 101.1 frequency) and I recall a sports format on the frequency for a
short period of time. In the 90s 106.5 was home to an oldies format (KQOL,
or “Kool”), beautiful music for a few minutes and a couple of different
incarnations of country (KUJJ, or “JJ” modeled after Portland’s KWJJ, and
KBKK, or “K-Buck”) before Jacor traded it to Trumper for 570 AM. In
early 1998 I was hired to program the new soft AC format when the station
launched as KOSY (Cozy) 106.5. The music was heavily weighted toward the
70s and featured the vocals that originally had been staples on stations (like
FM 100) that had evolved from beautiful music to AC; core artists were Neil
Diamond, Barbara Streisand, the Carpenters, Bread and Barry Manilow. It
was determined that a signal upgrade was possible and the transmitter site could
be moved 40 miles north to the Oquirrh mountains (this was accomplished in about
2002). For several years however the station simulcast on 106.9 KRAR
(licensed to Brigham City) to fill in 106.5’s signal gaps in Weber and Davis
counties (however since both towers were 50 miles away from downtown Salt Lake
City building penetration was a problem.) Despite the dual addresses
(106.5 and 106.9) within two years KOSY was ranked #2 in women 25-54 and top
five in adults 25-54. Trumper sold the station in late 2000 to Clear
Channel, who focused on KISN and automated KCPX and KOSY (eliminating all live
personalities). The station’s ratings have been inconsistent since then.
CHANNEL – KXRV
to Centerville, this station was originally was co-owned with 1600 AM.
During the 80s 105.5 was KCGL, Salt Lake’s first “modern music” station
(the forerunner of today’s “alternative” format). Most of the staff
defected to KJQ by the end of the 80s and the station was country (KBKK, or
“K-Buck”) for a time before moving to Farnsworth Peak (at 105.7), changing
calls to KUMT (“The Mountain”) and adopting an eclectic classic rock-triple
A format. By the end of the 90s, “The Mountain” had passed into the
hands of Chicago-based Trumper and was adrift with little format direction,
somewhere between AAA and modern AC. This lack of definition translated
into low ratings and in spring 1999 it was re-launched as KCPX playing the
classic top 40 hits of the 70s. The same jingle package that the original
KCPX-AM had used in the mid-70s (Jam’s “Priority One”) was brought back
and for a couple of years the station challenged KRSP (Arrow 103.5) for the
classic hits/classic rock audience. There is, however, one constant in
Salt Lake City and that’s change. When Trumper sold the station (along
with KISN and KOSY) to Clear Channel, KCPX was fully automated and became more
of a pure classic rocker for a year or so and then changed to alternative rock
”Channel 105.7”. Despite a competitive signal, no format on this
frequency (except the initial launch of the classic hits format) has enjoyed
consistent ratings success (KCPX debuted #4 in adults 25-54, then trailed down
as programmers, ownership and formats changed). In late 2004, Clear
Channel changed the format back to AAA with new call letters (KXRV, “The
River”). Keeping the wilderness theme, after “The Mountain” and
“The River”, what’s next…“The Stump”?
original KCPX-FM (at 98.7) and KSL-FM (at 100.3) were the first FM signals in
Salt Lake and both stations went on the air in 1947. The broadcasting arm
of the LDS church, Bonneville owned their maximum number of stations in the late
70s and chose to sell KSL-FM to Simmons to acquire another FM and remain in
compliance with the 7-7-7-ownership rule. Always known as “FM 100”,
the legal calls were changed to KSFI following this sale (“Simmons Family
Incorporated”) however Arbitron was forced to develop a protocol for ascribing
credit for mentions of “KSL-FM” that continued to appear in diaries for more
than another decade. By the early 80s, as overall FM listening levels
passed AM, FM 100’s format was gradually modified. The mostly
instrumental “beautiful music” was supplemented by hit vocal versions of
songs by the Carpenters, Barbra Streisand, Neil Diamond and Barry Manilow and by
the late 80s the station had evolved into a full-fledged mainstream AC.
KSFI and KSL have consistently been near the top of the market ratings for over
20 years. In 2003, Simmons sold many of their stations to Bonneville
(including KRSP, KQMB and KSFI) returning the frequency to its original license
holder (although the call letters remain KSFI).
Art and Ralph Carlson (who also operated A&R Meat Company) signed on KRSP-AM
in 1966 and KRSP-FM in 1967 as vehicles to advertise their meat company.
Until about 1980, KRSP-FM was a top 40 competitor to KCPX-AM and in the early
80s “Rock 103” was an album-rock competitor to KCPX-FM. It wasn’t
until the mid 80s, however, when the station had an established morning show
(Jon and Dan) and virtually no rock competition that KRSP became a consistent
ratings winner. When the Carlson family began selling their broadcast
properties, the station passed into the hands of Simmons and in the early 90s
adopted the “All Rock and Roll Oldies” format. Today “Arrow 103.5”
features a classic rock format under Bonneville’s ownership.
to Midvale, KQMB signed on in 1985. I don’t remember much about the
early days of this station’s programming but through the 90s under Simmons’
ownership (and under Bonneville since 2003) “Star 102.7” has carved out a
niche for itself as a Hot AC station.
the FM counterpart to KOVO-AM in Provo, this station targeted Utah County
listeners and advertisers as KFMC until it was purchased by First Media in the
mid 70s. Despite a transmitter site on Lake Mountain (which resulted in
signal gaps over much of Salt Lake County) “K-96” was a moderately
successful contemporary music station for a number of years. The call
letters changed every few years (KAYK from 1976-86, KFMY from 1986-88, KZOL from
1988-92) until they were finally changed to the present KXRK in 1992, when the
station was purchased by Acme Broadcasting. The principal investors behind
Acme were Jim Facer (who had been sales manager for alternative KJQ) and Jim
McNeil (the promoter who owned United Concerts); under their leadership
virtually the entire staff of KJQ relocated overnight and X-96 was born.
During the 90s the frequency was shifted from 96.1 to 96.3 and the transmitter
was moved to a site in the Oquirrh Mountains west of Salt Lake, giving the
station a competitive signal over the entire market. Acme sold the station
to Simmons but much of the staff remains today, which is a large part of why the
station is still a dominant ratings force and one of the nation’s leading
alternative stations. One of the main ingredients to the success of X-96
is the “Radio From Hell” morning show. Kerry Jackson and Bill Allred
have been at X-96 for 13 years but they began doing mornings together at KJQ in
1986, making their run one of the longest in Salt Lake radio history.
the KJQN calls today reside at 103.1, the history of this station begins in 1983
when a Texas investor named Garrett Haston who held the 95.5 license partnered
with SGS Broadcasting (owners of KJQ-AM) to complete the construction.
When the station signed on as the FM simulcast partner of Ogden’s KJQ-AM, the
transmitter site was (and still is) on Little Mountain west of Ogden, the
original site of KVOG-TV (channel 9) in the 60s. By the time I became
Program Director of KJQN AM and FM in 1984, the stations had separate formats
and “95-and-a-half” KJQ-FM was a top 40 station until 1988, when the format
was changed to alternative. Because the 95.5 main signal only effectively
covered Weber and Davis counties (representing about 25% of the metro
population), translators were added at 92.7 to cover Salt Lake City and
somewhere farther up the dial to cover Utah county. By the early 90s KJQ
had become a very successful alternative station so Mr. Haston bought control
from SGS, changed format to a hybrid top 40/alternative called “The Killer
B” (KKBE) and most of the staff defected to X-96. After filing
bankruptcy, the stations were sold to Bible Broadcasting and the call letters
were changed to KYFO (interestingly, the 1490 and 95.5 stations still operate
from their original studio and transmitter sites and have since signing on).
Simmons resurrected the KJQN call letters and launched a “classic
alternative” format on 100.7 in 2001 but this frequency (licensed to Brigham
City, 40 miles north of the metro) also has a marginal metro signal. A
series of translators on a variety of frequencies were used to bring the signal
into Salt Lake City. At the end of 2004, the KJQ calls and format were
moved to the 103.1 frequency (licensed to Coalville, east of Park City and also
outside the metro) and a series of on-channel boosters and translators make this
effectively a metro frequency (shoehorned midway between KQMB and KRSP).
The main transmitter site is Humpy Peak (close to Evanston); I find it truly
amazing (and a marvel of modern engineering) that so many stations just happen
to have weak coverage areas in the Salt Lake metro, some 50 miles from their
community of license. In January 2005, the format was changed to the
eclectic “Jack FM” format…the jury remains out as to whether or not this
will be a ratings success.
101.5 frequency (licensed to Oakley, also some 50 miles outside the metro)
originally launched as “The Peak” in 2000; upon switching to country in 2003
it became “The Eagle” and is also simulcast on the 100.7 Brigham City and
the 105.1 Manti frequencies.
most of the years from the late 70s through the late 90s, the 92.1 frequency was
licensed to Tooele and KTLE (also KMGR) served this small community on the west
side of the Oquirrh mountains from Salt Lake City. Marathon (under the DBA
of Millcreek Broadcasting) acquired the station in 1999, changed the call
letters to KUUU (U92), the format to hip hop and moved the transmitter site to
better serve Salt Lake. The agenda always was to maneuver this
“rimshot” signal into the metro, and that was officially accomplished in
early 2005 when the C3 92.5 frequency was reassigned to South Jordan (in Salt
Lake county) and simulcast partner KTCE/Payson moved from 92.3 to 92.1. To
cover the entire metro, U92 also is simulcast on KRAR/Brigham City at 106.9.
107.9 frequency has always been licensed to Roy (suburban to Ogden) but by my
count has been home to about a dozen call letters over the past 20 years.
Originally it was KRGO-FM, a companion country station to KRGO-AM, and although
coverage in Weber and Davis counties was excellent the transmitter site some 50
miles north of Salt Lake City provided spotty signal coverage in the most
populated county of the metro. Unable to compete as a country station, the
format was changed to oldies and the call letters to KRPN (“WKRP in Salt Lake
City”) in 1986. I don’t remember the progression of formats through
the 90s, but the call letters were KZQQ (1992), KRGQ (1993-94), KRGO-FM (1995)
and KRKR (1996). Trumper acquired the station In early 1998, changed the format
to nostalgia and the call letters to KSNU (“Sunny 107.9”). When this
experiment proved to be a financial error, KSNU became a simulcast of KOSY until
a trade was engineered to swap the 107.9 and 106.9 facilities. Since both
stations shared the same transmitter site, the coverage was virtually
identical…but KRAR at 106.9 was licensed to Brigham City, approximately 20
miles north of Roy…a critical distance in moving the 106.5 transmitter site
north. For approximately two months in early 2000, the 107.9 frequency was
home to “The Edge” (a hit-based alternative format brilliantly programmed by
market veteran Gary “Wooly” Waldron) until ownership passed to Marathon/Millcreek
and the station was re-launched as oldies KFVR (“The Fever”).
Approximately a year later it changed again to top 40 as KUDD (originally
“Diana 107.9”, then “Power 107.9”). In March 2005, the station
changed again to “107.9 The Mix” and revived the Fisher and Laura morning
show (formerly on Star 102.7). The main 107.9 frequency reaches Salt Lake
City with on-channel boosters and simulcasts on 103.9 KUDE/Nephi to serve Utah
history of the 94.9 frequency is outlined above under Clear Channel’s KZHT;
since acquiring the frequency in early 2004, it has been active rock “The
– KDUT and KRMF
Media owns stations in five western states; their Utah properties are 1600 KRDD-AM
(licensed to Centerville), 102.3 KDUT (licensed to Randolph) and KRMF (licensed
to Evanston). The two FM stations’ transmitter sites are on Humpy Peak
(south of Evanston) and will reach Salt Lake City via on-frequency boosters.
“La GranD” (KDUT) targets 18-49 year olds of Mexican origin; at the time of
this writing KRMF is testing, rumors about new call letters KBMG and the
“Magica” format continue to circulate in the market.
one Salt Lake FM station has never changed hands; the family of Henry Hilton
signed the station on in 1964 as a country music station. According to the
station’s website all of the weekday announcers have a minimum of 18 years of
service with the station. Morning announcer Country Joe has been at KSOP
for an amazing 32 years and was inducted into the Country Music DJ Hall of Fame
BROADCASTING – KBZN
as FM 100 has recently returned to its original owner, KBZN “The Breeze”
returned to its original owner in 1990. A few years after his father Arch
Webb sold KVOG-AM in the late 70s, John Webb launched a new Ogden FM at 97.9.
KZAN was a country station until it was sold in the late 80s and the format
changed; unfortunately the new owners defaulted on the purchase and after a
couple of years John again assumed control of the station, changed the call
letters and format to smooth jazz.
it or not, there are even more “rimshot” signals from as far away as Logan
and Delta that reach part of the metro that I haven’t mentioned but these are
the major players that consistently generate ratings. But if that’s not
enough, Marathon/Millcreek has proposed nearly two dozen changes that would
change the FM landscape and further crowd the Wasatch Front radio dial:
KXRV/Centerville moves from 105.7 to 105.9
KOSY/Spanish Fork moves from 106.5 moves to 106.7
KRAR/Brigham City moves from 106.9 to 107.1 and changes city of license to
KNJQ/Manti moves to Kaysville still at 105.1 (that’s a 145-mile move!)
KENZ/Orem stays on 107.5, changes city of license from Orem to American Fork and
moves to Farnsworth Peak
KUDD/Roy stays on 107.9 but changes city of license to Randolph to become
Randolph's 2nd station with KDUT 102.3
KRMF/Evanston moves from 106.1 to 106.3
KDWY/Diamondville WY moves from 105.3 to 105.5 and changes city of license to
Oakley UT for another SLC rim shot
KUUU at 92.5C2 (recently moved from Tooele) downgrades to a class A to help
accommodate the above changes
KBNZ/Tremonton moves from 104.9 to 104.7 (another SLC rim shot)
KTPM/Franklin ID at 97.5 has received a CP to move to Humpy Peak with a new city
of license of Coalville
The 1968 Salt Lake City
commercial FM radio dial
2005 Salt Lake City FM commercial radio dial (above 92 mHz)
/ 92.5 KUUU
“U92” (rhythmic CHR, owned by Marathon, also on 106.9)
KUBL “K Bull” (country, owned by Citadel)
KODJ “Oldies 94.1” (oldies, owned by Clear Channel)
KHTB “Hot 94.9 The Blaze” (rock, owned by Marathon)
KYFO (Ogden, religious)
KXRK “X96” (alternative, owned by Simmons)
KZHT “97.1 ZHT” (CHR, owned by Clear Channel)
KBZN “The Breeze” (smooth jazz, owned by Capitol Broadcasting)
KBEE “B98.7” (AC, owned by Citadel)
KJMY “My 99.5” (rock, owned by Clear Channel)
KSFI “FM 100” (soft AC, owned by Bonneville)
KEGH “The Eagle” (Brigham City, owned by Simmons–simulcast of 101.5)
KBER “K-Bear” (active rock, owned by Citadel)
KEGA “The Eagle” (Oakley-country, owned by Simmons)
KPQP “Pop 101.9” (CHR, owned by Citadel)
KDUT “La Gran D” (Randolph-Spanish, owned by Bustos Media)
KQMB “Star 102.7” (hot AC, owned by Bonneville)
KJQN “Jack FM” (Coalville-whatever, owned by Simmons)
KRSP “Arrow 103.5” (classic rock, owned by Bonneville)
KUDE “107.9 The Mix” (Manti-simulcast of 107.9)
KSOP (country, owned by KSOP Incorporated)
KNJQ “The Eagle” (Manti-simulcast of 101.5)
KXRV “The River 105.7” (AAA, owned by Clear Channel)
KRMF (Evanston-new signal, owned by Bustos Media)
KOSY (soft AC, owned by Clear Channel)
KRAR “U92” (Brigham City-simulcast of 92.5)
KENZ “The End” (AAA, owned by Citadel)
KUDD “107.9 The Mix” (CHR, owned by Marathon)
major source for information included in this article, in addition to my (Paul
Wilson) personal memories, was Utah Broadcasting History by Larson & Avery.
My thanks to Paul Wilson for his help on this page!