This is the New York History section of 
The Broadcast Archive

Maintained by:
Barry Mishkind - The Eclectic Engineer
Last Update 3/3/03

New York, New York ... the #1 radio market in the country. One station in NYC can bill well over $50 million a year. Of course, that brings lots of "players" to the game.

The history of broadcasting in New York parallels the history of radio in the US. Many of the pioneer stations were built here, and a good deal of innovation has been done there. We invite you to visit, enjoy, even share some history with us.


New York radio:. 

Pre-1941:

 

 

Metro New York AM Call Letter History

by Bob Harrison

Stu Engelke was kind enough to remind me of this 1992 study.  Does anyone know where Bob Harrison is these days, and if he has continued updating the information? Please let me know!

Have you ever perused the QSL collection of a veteran hobbyist and wondered whatever became of some of the old station call letters? Have you ever been curious about the origins or call letter history of a particular broadcaster? This project presents six comprehensive charts depicting the history of AM call letters and frequency assignments for broadcasters in the New York metropolitan area. The charts cover all stations licensed from broadcasting's earliest days through early 1992, and include not only the five boroughs of New York, but also northern New Jersey (including Mercer and Monmouth Counties), southern Westchester, and nearby Long Island.

All material included in the charts is based on original research conducted by members of the National Radio Club. Most of the information is based on material collected over the years by Mr. James Roggentine; without his assistance and generous support this project would not have been possible. Special thanks are also extended to Al Tobia, who has been an active booster and generous contributor to this effort since its inception, and Ernest Cooper, whose recollection of the Brooklyn share-time stations of the 1930s helped solve the final riddle in piecing together this giant jigsaw puzzle.

Though the history of broadcasting is an oft-told story, you'll probably find this brief chronology helpful as you review the charts:

1921 TO 1926 -- The broadcasting industry in the United States was originally regulated by the Department of Commerce. Initially all stations shared a single entertainment wavelength of 360 meters -- roughly 833 kilohertz. (Note: From December, 1921 to May 15, 1923 many stations were also authorized use of 485 meters -- 619 khz -- for broadcasting Market and Weather reports. These authorizations are not included in the charts, because they were of limited importance and would make the charts too complicated). In the congested New York area the single wavelength meant that complicated, and hard fought, timesharing agreements had to be negotiated. In late September of 1922, a second entertainment wavelength of 400 meters (750 khz) was assigned for better quality, higher powered stations. Stations on the new wavelength were designated "Class B" outlets, while those on 360 became known as "Class A" stations. About thirty stations nationwide would eventually qualify to use 400 meters, including, among stations reviewed in the charts, WBAY, WEAF, WOR and WHAZ.

On May 15, 1923 the broadcasting service was greatly expanded, with the designation of a band of frequencies, in 10 kilohertz steps, from 550 to 1350 kilohertz. 550 to 1040 khz were set aside for Class B stations. Under the initial allocation, 610, 660 and 740 khz were earmarked for use by New York City area Class B stations. Class A stations were assigned to frequencies from 1050 to 1350 khz. Existing stations were permitted to stay at 360 meters, as "Class C" stations. In November, 1924 the upper end of the broadcast band was extended from 1350 to 1500 khz, yielding 15 additional Class A frequencies.

Many of the early stations were highly experimental or speculative in nature, and quickly disappeared, while others proved to be more permanent. After the success of KDKA in East Pittsburgh, PA, which began operating in November, 1920, Westinghouse expanded into a few other metropolitan centers, including New York City. Its WJZ, located in Newark, NJ, began broadcasting in early October, 1921. Other companies soon followed. The first license for New York City proper was WJX, issued to the DeForest Radio Telegraph and Telephone Company in October. However, reflecting the shaky financial status of its owner, this station made few, if any, broadcasts, although it wasn't formally deleted from official station lists until two and a half years later.

New broadcast stations received three-letter calls until mid-1922. After that, the Commerce Department assigned four-position call letters, many in a special alphabetical sequence, with "A" or "B" as the third letter.

1926 - After overseeing several years of orderly growth in the broadcast industry, the Department of Commerce was suddenly stripped of its regulatory authority by a series of ill-advised court rulings. The result was sheer chaos. Stations in large numbers began changing frequencies at will in an often futile effort to position themselves more competitively on the dial. Assured of near-automatic license grants, small businesses, budding scientists and others began constructing new stations by the dozens, squeezing them into every conceivable nook and cranny on the broadcast band. Co-channel interference, manifesting itself as squeals and whistles on the primitive receiving equipment of the day, made pleasurable radio listening nearly impossible, and posed a genuine threat to the entire industry.

APRIL 26, 1927 - The Federal Radio Commission, newly created by Congress to straighten out the broadcasting mess, took its first step in the immediate New York City area, where some 57 stations had managed to squeeze themselves onto the dial. On this date stations in the area were assigned new frequencies at least 20 khz apart, and most stations were compelled to share their frequency with one other broadcaster. A half-dozen or so stations retired from broadcasting, but by all newspaper accounts, the FRC genuinely tried to do all it could to accommodate the broadcasters; there's no evidence of massive eliminations of stations as suggested by some broadcasting histories.

JUNE 15, 1927 - The FRC again reassigned frequencies across the dial; this time the reallocaton was nationwide. In the New York City area, where 20-kilohertz separation had proven inadequate in eliminating interference, the new plan involved a 50-kilohertz separation between assigned frequencies, with two, three, or four stations sharing each frequency. Most significantly, the door was shut tight on the allocation of new stations in the area. Between this date and 1942, every new station in metropolitan New York, with the exception of experimental W2XR, was actually just the replacement of another station.

DECEMBER 1, 1927 - The FRC implemented a modification of its six-month-old plan, affecting a little over 10 percent of broadcasters nationwide.

NOVEMBER 11, 1928 - On this red-letter day in radio history, the FRC completely revamped the broadcast band, implementing the basic configuration of clear, regional, and local channels as we know it today. In metropolitan New York, most stations were forced into very confining, four-way timesharing arrangements.

THE 1930s - This was a decade of consolidation and court battles. With the typical broadcast day rarely extending beyond 6 AM to midnight, a station in a four-way share-time agreement averaged 4 1/2 hours of airtime per day. This was unsatisfactory for nearly everyone. The economic depression was also a harsh reality; the more financially secure stations quickly "gobbled up" their weaker share-time partners, thereby extending their own hours. By the end of the decade, nearly all the share-time arrangements had either been eliminated or significantly modified.

MARCH 29, 1941 - In conjunction with the expansion of the broadcast band to 1600 khz, a major frequency reallocation was implemented. Entire blocks of frequencies were shifted up by 10, 20, 30 or 40 kilohertz. For example, all stations from 1200 to 1450 khz shifted up 30 kilohertz. After this expansion, the door was reopened in the New York area for new station allocations. But while a couple of dozen new stations have taken to the airwaves since then, there are still fewer broadcasters on the AM band in the area today than there were back in April of 1926!

Primary sources of information for this project are as follows:

The files of NRC member James Roggentine
The New York Times, The Newark Evening News,
and The Trenton Times (hundreds of radio listings between 1924 and 1964 were reviewed)
"RADEX 1929 Radio Index" via Peter Clarius.
The National Radio Club's DX News, Volume 48, numbers 4, 6, and 8 (thanks to Al Tobia)
"RADEX 1941 Radio Index" (via Kermit Geary)
Borst, John M., "Broadcasting Stations in the United States" January, 1937, Radio News (via Al Tobia)
Department of Commerce, "Radio Service Bulletin," March 1, 1923, April 1, 1924, and others (via James Roggentine and Thomas White)
Critchett, James, "Dial Number Order for Stations - 1934." Reprint from the International Radio Club of America's DX Monitor
Schatz, Ron, "Frequencies Before 1941," IRCA reprint
White, Thomas H., "A Little Bit of Anarchy," "The Mystique of the Three Letter Call Signs," and "Sharing Time," IRCA reprints
Radio-TV Experimenter, Vol. 23, No. 1 (8/67) and Vol. 24, No. 1 (2/68)
Science and Electronics, Vol. 28, No. 1 (2/70)
Communications World, Spring/Summer 1975
National Radio Club 50th Anniversary Yearbook
White's Radio Log, 1950 and 1952 (via James Roggentine)
Broadcasting Yearbook listings, 1940, 1956, and 1963 (via James Roggentine)

One final comment: These sources occasionally presented conflicting information. I sometimes had to guess which contained the more reliable data. If you find that any of the charts are inaccurate or incomplete, please let me know. It's my hope that the charts come to be regarded reliable source of information for anyone interested in the history of broadcasting.

NOTE: Below are notes for each of the six Metropolitan New York charts. The charts appear immediately after the notes.

 

CHART #1

Mayor Walker was livid! And maybe he should have been. After all, the city-owned station, WNYC, which somehow managed to avoid share-time agreements through most of the 1920s, suddenly found itself sharing its frequency with WMCA in November of 1928. The first day of the new arrangement, Mayor Walker refused to shut his station down during WMCA's allotted time, an incident that made newspaper headlines the following day.

The uneasy WNYC/WMCA share-time arrangement lasted until about 1933, when Associated Broadcasters, which owned both WMCA and daytimer WPCH, relinquished WPCH's frequency to the City of New York in exchange for fulltime status on the old WNYC channel. WNYC waged a battle for 50 years to regain its lost status as one of New York's most powerful stations, and was finally rewarded with a fulltime facility grant on 820 khz.

The chart uses dots on the vertical line between WNYC and WMCA to show their period of timesharing; the equal-signs between WMCA and WPCH means the station had a common owner. Owning multiple stations in the same city was a common practice in the early days of radio. Take the case of the Radio Corporation of America. When RCA took over control, from Westinghouse, of the very popular WJZ, it allowed its first station, WDY in Roselle Park, NJ to expire; it also owned the classical music outlet WJY, which shared time with WOR and WDT; plus portable stations WEBL and WEBM, which shared time with Camden, NJ's WABU (not shown on the chart), also owned by RCA! Finally, in 1926 RCA took over ownership of WEAF from American Telephone and Telegraph. The WOR call incidentally is the oldest still in use in the metropolitan area.

This chart also shows the history of WLIX, WSKQ, and WNBC, as well as the brief existence of New York City's WJUG and Newark's WMVM, both of which popped up during the era of unregulated broadcasting, but failed to survive the initial FRC allocations.

Because it operated outside the standard broadcast band on a longwave frequency, the celebrated one-day pioneering achievement of General Electric and RCA, broadcasting the Dempsey-Carpentier championship boxing match from Jersey City on July 2, 1921, is not shown on these charts. Callsign WJY was assigned to this temporary facility and is unrelated to RCA's classical music outlet WJY depicted on the chart.

 

CHART #2

The A. H. Grebe Company, manufacturer of radio equipment, was another company which owned numerous broadcast stations in a single market in the 1920s. Their principle outlet was WAHG; it became WABC (Atlantic Broadcasting Company) in the mid-1920s and is unrelated to the current WABC shown on the first chart. The other co-owned stations were WBOQ, and the portable outlets WGMU and WRMU. This last station was operated aboard a yacht! (Its license application said it would be used to report boat races). The portable outlets were eliminated late in 1927, while WABC and WBOQ merged into a single station with a dual call-sign late in 1928. Today it is WCBS.

WHN evidently didn't have much of a problem with share-time arrangements - until they become a little too much! Some time before the FRC imposed frequency-sharing on the majority of area broadcasters, WHN was happily sharing with tiny WQAO (Cavalry Baptist Church) and WPAP (Palisades Amusement Park). This was all fine and dandy until the FRC added WRNY to the bunch in 1928. Then WHN said, "Enough is enough," and within a few years bought out and eliminated its partners.

This chart also traces the history of WINS, which began as WGBS. Not shown on the chart is the share-time arrangement WGBS had with Philadelphia stations WIP and WOO between 12/1/27 and 11/11/28. Another noteworthy station was WWDJ, known as WAAT for most of its history. (WAAT was the call which had been assigned to their temporary broadcast station in April, 1922.) Other noteworthy items are WBMC, which operated briefly out of Woodside, Queens, WLAW, the New York City Police Department station, and WAOK of Ozone Park, deleted by the FRC in April of 1927. In addition, this chart shows WSH, which operated under a temporary authorization in New York City in March of 1922; WGAC, a Brooklyn station which lasted a few short months in 1922; and WWZ, owned by retailer John Wanamaker.

 

CHART #3

Some fellows just love to share time! Take the case of Andre Bulova, the owner of WOV. During the 1930s WOV was the only station in the region on 1130 kilohertz; nevertheless, it was required to shut down during the broadcast hours of WLWL ("We Listen, We Learn"), as was WPG-1100 ("World's Play Ground") in Atlantic City, NJ. Weary of the arrangement, Mr. Bulova eventually bought out both WLWL and WPG, and after briefly operating WLWL as WBIL, he closed both of them down and moved the now fulltime WOV to 1100 kilohertz. Alas, fulltime was not to be WOV's destiny. Shortly after shifting WOV up to 1130 as part of the big 1941 frequency shift, Mr. Bulova traded places on the dial with WNEW-1280, and traded himself back into frequency-sharing, this time with WHBI. And so WOV lived out its existence; it was replaced by WADO before the timesharing finally ended in 1962.

WNEW has an interesting history as well. It was born of a merger between one of the nation's oldest stations, WAAM of Newark, and entertainment promoter Richard E. O'Dea's "Temple of Music" station, WODA of Paterson. According to entertainer Steve Allen, one of WNEW's founders was radio star Ed Wynn, whose dream was to form a major radio network; the call letters stood for "Network Ed Wynn." While Wynn's dream never came to fruition, the station that bears his initials went on to become one of broadcast history's most respected and influential stations.

An interesting facet of the November, 1928 radio dial configuration was the creation of six local, or "graveyard," frequencies to serve as a sort of dumping ground for the many very-low power stations that popped up in the mid-1920s. In metropolitan New York, seven of the tiniest stations entered into share-time arrangements on two frequencies, 1210 and 1420. (NOTE: Because of space limitations WHPP is listed on Chart #4. As the FRC discovered, it's sometimes hard to find enough room for all the stations). Incredibly, a few of them survive in one form or another to this day! Westchester County's WCOH for example became WFAS, which has enjoyed many, many years of success. Long Island's WGBB proved to be the most durable of the area's sequential callsigns, lasting over sixty years. Tiny 10-watt WMRJ of Jamaica, Queens didn't last long, but its replacement in the timesharing arrangement, upstate's WGNY, continues to this day. And Red Bank, NJ's WJBI (later WBRB) might still be around had it not been for a disastrous fire during World War II that destroyed the station at a time when equipment for rebuilding was in short supply.

Among the less successful of the pint-sized stations were Bay Shore's WINR, New York City's WHPP, and Farmingdale's WLBH, which moved to Patchogue before expiring. Some earlier, unrelated broadcasters shown on the chart are WMAL of Trenton, WSAY of Port Chester, NY, WDBX of New York City (5 watts of power!), and WEBA in suburban Highland Park, NJ.

 

CHART #4

Three New Jersey stations that shared time throughout the 1930s and 1940s were WOAX (later WTNJ) of Trenton, WCAM of Camden, and WCAP, "City of Asbury Park." I'm not certain of the exact date, but the arrangement dissolved when WTNJ moved to another frequency and WCAM reduced its power.

One of the many four-way share-time arrangements created in November of 1928 was on 1300 kilohertz; the funny thing about this one is that one of the participants, WHAZ, was located all the way up in Troy, NY. The longevity of this arrangement is quite surprising. Around 1970 WPOW finally bought out WHAZ and made some technical adjustments to remove WHAZ from the timesharing scheme; the arrow shows that WPOW picked up the WHAZ timeslot. When WEVD's successor WNYM bought out WPOW and closed it down January 1, 1985, it marked the end of the last AM share-time agreement in metropolitan New York.

This chart also includes a few stations with shorter histories: New York City's WEBJ and WMHA; Tarrytown's WRW, WBAN Paterson, WWAB Trenton, WLBE Brooklyn, and Lambertville, NJ's WTAZ, which located to Richmond, VA late in 1927 before expiring a year and a half later.

The modern era occasionally witnesses a complicated episode of frequency swapping reminiscent of broadcasting's earlier age. Take the case of WEVD, one of New York's oldest callsigns. Around 1980, WEVD's owners sold its AM facility (which became WNYM), but retained its FM station and call-letters. In 1988 the National Broadcasting Company sold its interests in the highly desirable 660 khz frequency to WFAN, which relocated there from 1050 khz. (See Chart #1) WFAN's old spot on 1050 khz was simultaneously transferred to the owners of WSKQ-620, and the callsign WUKQ was temporarily assigned. (See Chart #2) The following year, the WSKQ owners swapped its 1050 khz spot for WEVD's FM facility; thus, WEVD returned to the AM band, and WSKQ acquired what it had sought all along: an FM facility to complement its AM activities.

 

CHART #5

Some interesting background information on the legendary WBNX-WAWZ timesharing arrangement appeared in DX News a number of years ago, but I couldn't find it, so bear with me, as this is from memory. On most four-way agreements created in New York in November of 1928, there was a dominant station that set about to take over the other three. The setup on 1350 was no exception; here the kingpin was Standard-Cahill's WKBQ. Italian-language station WCDA and the Madison Square Garden outlet WMSG may have been easy targets for Standard-Cahill, but the owners of WBNY were determined not to relinquish their broadcast hours without a fight. They simply did not want WKBQ to take full control of the frequency. When WBNY owners realized they couldn't win, they hastily arranged to sell their station to a religious group, the "Pillar of Fire," which would be more capable of preventing WKBQ from taking complete control of the frequency. The transaction was completed under a veil of secrecy, and WBNY became WAWZ. The WKBQ owners were enraged when they found out what had happened, but then they did a very odd thing. They attempted to rename their station to that of their old rival, WBNY, perhaps to capture its old audience. Prevented from doing so by the regulations of the time, they instead became the next closest thing, WBNX. The uneasy timesharing relationship between WAWZ and WBNX persisted for an incredible 53 years!

Another celebrated battleground of the timesharing wars of the 1930s was Brooklyn, where four evenly-matched stations battled it out tooth-and-nail for supremacy on 1400 kilohertz. The fight eventually ended in a draw. Shortly after the stations were shifted to 1430 kilohertz in 1941, the four scarred and weary rivals merged into a single station, WBYN. But according to Enrie Cooper, the four owners continued fighting among themselves even after the merger was completed. Later in the 1940s the station was purchased by the Newark News and relocated across the Hudson as WNJR.

This chart also depicts the history of WOKO. It originated in New York City, but later migrated north to Peekskill, Poughkeepsie, and finally to Albany, where it operates today as WGNA. Stations on this chart with much briefer histories include North Plainfield, NJ's WEAM, and New York City's WIBT, which operated from Carnegie Hall.

 

CHART #6

The timesharing arrangement formed in November of 1928 on 1450 kilohertz consisted of four small New Jersey broadcasters: WIBS Elizabeth, WKBO Jersey City, WNJ Newark, and WBMS Union City. It appears from newspaper listings that WIBS and WKBO merged into a single station with a dual callsign around 1930; this opened the door for a new station, WHOM of Jersey City, to begin operating. Perhaps WHOM had substantial financial backing, but whatever the reason, it had little difficulty in absorbing its partners.

We already saw on Chart #3 how a number of pint-sized New York area stations survived on local channels; this chart documents another tale of amazing longevity. Four tiny metropolitan area stations were assigned to share time on the local 1500 kilohertz frequency in November of 1928. Two of them -- WLBX and WMBQ -- didn't make it through the 1930s. But the other two, WWRL and WCLB (later WCNW) remained afloat long enough to be upgraded to the newly-created 1600 kilohertz regional frequency in March of 1941. Shortly thereafter, WCNW moved to 1190 kilohertz as WLIB, thus bringing another timesharing agreement to a close. Incidentally, the WWRL call letters stand for "Woodside Radio Labs"; it and WGBB are the only callsigns of the three-dozen or so that sprang up in metropolitan New York in the mid-1920s "deregulation" era to survive to this day.

This chart also shows WIBI of Flushing, Medford Park's WTRL (Technical Radio Labs), and... hey wait a minute! What is Washington, DC's WTOP doing on a chart of New York City stations? Well, Jim Roggentine sends us the amazing story that WTOP actually began in 1926 in the Big Apple -- as WTRC (Twelfth Assembly District Republican Club). In the summer of the following year it relocated to Virginia as WTFF, becoming one of the most powerful broadcasters of its day. It became WJSV a short time later, moved to the nation's capital in the mid-1930s, and became WTOP in the 1940s. The way WTOP booms into the New York metropolitan area at night, it may as well have a place on the charts!

 

                        METROPOLITAN NEW YORK CHART #1

                                              ____     .----.----.
                              .----.____.----. WDT.    . WJZ. WDY.
     1922                     .WBAY=WEAF. WOR. 833.    . 833. 833.
                              . 833= 833. 833.    .    .    =    .
                              | 750= 750. 750|    .____.    =    .
     1923                     |    =    .    |    . WJY=    =----
                              | 610= 610| 740. 740. 740= 660|
                ______________|    =    |    .____.    =    |____ ____
     1924      |WFBH|WMCA|WNYC|WECO|    |    .    .    =    =WEBL=WEBM|
               |1100| 880| 570|----|    |    .    .    =    =1330=1330|
           ____|    |    |    |____|    |    .    .    =    =    =____|
     1926 |WJUG|WPCH|    |    |WMVM|    |    .    .    =    =    |
          | 580|    |    |    | 630|    |    .    .    =    =    |
          |____|    |    |    |----|    |    .    .____=    =____|
     4/26      |1100= 880| 570|    | 610| 740|         | 660|
     1927      |    =    |    |    |    |    |         |    |
               |    =    |    |    |    |    |         |    |
     6/15      | 970= 810| 560|    | 610| 740|         | 660|
     1927      |    =    | 570|    |    |    |         |    |
               |    =    |    |    |    |    |         |    |
     12/1      | 920= 810| 570|    | 610| 740|         | 660|
     1927      |    =    |    |    |    |    |         |    |
               |    =    |    |    |    |    |         |    |
     11/11     | 810= 570. 570|    | 660| 710|         | 760|
     1928      |    =    .    |    |    |    |         |    |
               |    =    .    |    |    |    |         |    |
     1930      |    =    .    |    |    |    |         |    |
               |    =    .    |    |    |    |         |    |
               |____=    .    |    |    |    |         |    |
     1934           |    | 810|    |    |    |         |    |
                    |    |    |    |    |    |         |    |
                    |    |    |    |    |    |         |    |
     1938           |    |    |    |    |    |         |    |
                    |    |    |    |    |    |         |    |
     3/29           | 570| 830|    | 660| 710|         | 770|
     1941           |    |    |    |    |    |         |    |
                    |    |    |    |WNBC|    |         |    |
     1945           |    |    |____|    |    |         |    |
                    |    |    |WVNJ|    |    |         |    |
     1950           |    |    | 620|    |    |     ____|    |
           ____     |    |    |    |WRCA|    |    |WGSM|WABC|
     1960 |WBIC|    |    |    |    |WNBC|    |    | 740|    |
          | 540|    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |
     1970 |WLIX|    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |
          |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |
     1980 |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |
          |    |    |    |    |WSKQ|WFAN|    |    |    |    |
     1990 |    |    |    | 820|    | 660| 710|    |    | 770|



         METROPOLITAN NEW YORK CHART #2

                                                            .----.
                          ____          .----.----.         . WJX.
     1922                . WSH.----.____. WNO. WHN.         . 833.----.
                         . 833.WAAT.WGAC. 833. 833.     ____.    . WWZ.
                          ----. 833. 833.    .    .____.WLAW.    . 833.
     1923                      ---- ----.    .    .WQAO. 833.    .    .
                                         ----.    . 833.    .    .    .
           ___________________           ____.    .    .    .    .    .
     1924 |WAHG=WBOQ=WGMU=WRMU|         |WGBS|    .    .____.    .____.
          | 950=1270=1270=1270|         | 950| 830.    .     ----
          |    =    =    =    |_________|    |    . 830|______________
     1926 |    =    =    =    |WKBD|WBMC|    |    .    .WPAP|WRNY|WAOK|
          |WABC=    =    =    |1270|1020|    |    .    . 830|1160|1210|
          |    =    =    =    |WAAT|____|    |    .    .    |    |____|
     4/26 | 950=1270= - -= - -|1270|    | 950| 830. 830. 830| 800|
     1927 |    =    =1470=1470|    |    |    |    .    .    |    |
          |    =    =    =    |    |    |    |    .    .    |1070|
     6/15 | 920= 920=1490=1490|1220|    | 860| 760. 760. 760| 970|
     1927 |    =    =    =    |    |    |    |    .    .    |    |
          |    =    =    =    |    |    |    |    .    .    |    |
     12/1 | 970= 970=1490=1490|1220|    | 860| 760. 760. 760| 920|
     1927 |    =    =----=----|    |    |    |    .    .    |    |
          |    =    =         |    |    |    |    .    .    |    |
     11/11|WABC/____=         |1070|    |1180|1010.1010.1010.1010|
     1928 |WBOQ|              |    |    |    |    .    .    .    |
          | 860|              |    |    |    |    .    .    .    |
     1930 |    |              | 940|    | 600|    .    .    .    |
          |    |              |    |    |1180|   l---------------|
          |    |              |    |    |WINS|     ______________|
     1934 |    |              |    |    |    |    |
          |    |              |    |    |    |    |
          |    |              |    |    |    |    |
     1938 |    |              |    |    |    |    |
          |    |              |    |    |    |    |
     3/29 | 880|          ____| 970|    |1000|1050|
     1941 |    |         |WPAT|    |    |    |    |
          |    |         | 930|    |    |    |    |
     1945 |    |     ____|    |    |    |1010|    |
          |WCBS|    |WTTM|    |    |    |    |WMGM|          ____
     1950 |    |    | 920|    |    |    |    |    |         |WHLI|
          |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |         |1100|
     1960 |    |    |    |    |WNTA|    |    | WHN|         |    |
          |    |    |    |    |WJRZ|    |    |    |         |    |
     1970 |    |    |    |    |WWDJ|____|    |    |____     |    |
          |    |    |    |    |    |WRNJ|    |    |WKMB|    |    |
     1980 |    |    |    |    |    |1000|    |WFAN|1070|    |    |
          |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |WUKQ|    |    |    |
     1990 | 880|    |    |    | 970|    |    |WEVD|    |    |    |



         METROPOLITAN NEW YORK CHART #3


                          ____
     1922                . WBS.____
                         . 833.WAAM.____
                         .    . 833.WMAL.
     1923                .    .    . 833.
                         .    |1140|1170|               ____
                         .    |    |    |              |WSAY|____ ____
     1924                .    |    |    |              |1290.WDBX.WEBA|
                         |1190|    |----                ----|1290.1290|
           _________     |WGCP|    |______________ ---- ----__________|
     1926 |WLWL| WPG|----|    |WBPI|WODA|WRST|WBRS|WGBB|WJBI|WMRJ|WLBH|
          |1040|1000| WGL|    |WAAM|1340|1390| 761|1230|1370|1320.1320|
          | 780|    | 710|    |    | 767|    |    |    |    |    .    |
     4/26 | 780|1000| 930|1190|1140|1010| - -|1210|1230|1370|1320.1320|
     1927 |    |    | 720|    |    | 950|1480|    |    |    |    .    |
          |    |    |    |    |    | 780|    |    |    |    |    .    |
     6/15 | 810|1100|1020|1070| 860|1020|1420.1420|1220|1170|1450|1290|
     1927 |    |    |    |    |    |    |    .    |    |1140|    |    |
          |    |    |    |    |    |    |    .    |    |    |    |    |
     12/1 | 810|1100|1020|1120.1120|1020|1420.1420|1220|1140|1450|1290|
     1927 |    |    |    |    .    |    |WINR.WCOH|    |    |    |    |
          |    |    | WOV|    .    |    |    .    |    |    |    |    |
     11/11|1100.1100.1130|1250.1250.1250|1210.1210.1210.1210|1420.1420.
     1928 |    .    .    |    .    .    |    .    .    .    |    .    .
          |    .    .    |    .    .    |____.    .    .    .1210|WPOE.
     1930 |    .    .    |    .    .    |    |    .    .    .    |1370|
          |    .    .    |    .    .    |    |    .    .    .    |____|
          |    .    .    |    .    .    |    |WFAS.    .    .    |
     1934 |    .    .    |WHBI.WNEW<--- |    |    .    .    .WGNY|
          |    .    .    |    .     ____|    |    .    .WBRB.    |
          |WBIL.    .    |    .    |         |    .    .    .    |
     1938 | -------->1100|    .    |         |    .    .    .    |
           ---------     |    .    |         |    .    .    |1220|
     3/29           |1130|1280.1280|         |1240.1240.1240|1250|
     1941           |1280.    |1130|         |    .    .    |1220|
                    |    .    |    |         |    .    .____|    |
     1945           |    .    |    |         |1230|    |    |    |____
                    |    .    |    |         |    |    |    |    |WMTR|
     1950           |    .    |    |         |    |    |    |    |1250|
                ____|    .    |    |         |    |    |    |    |    |
     1960      |WGLI|WADO.    |    |         |    |    |    |    |    |
               |1290| l------ |    |____     |    |    |    |    |    |
     1970      |    |    .----|    |WBRW|    |    |    |    |    |    |
               |    |    |    |    |1170|    |    |    |    |    |    |
     1980      |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |1240|    |    |    |
               |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |WBAB|    |    |    |
     1990       ----|1280|    |1130|----     |    |WGBB|    |1220|    |




         METROPOLITAN NEW YORK CHART #4



     1922 .----.                             .----.          ____
          . WRW.               ____          .WBAN.         |WHAZ|
          . 833.              .WOAX.         . 833.         | 833|
     1923 .    .              . 833.         .    .         | 750|
          |1100|              |1250|         |1230|____ ____| 790|
          |    |          ____|    |     ____|    .WABS.WBBR|    |____
     1924 |    |         |WTAZ|    |    |WFBI|____.1230.1230|    |WWAB|
          |    |____     |1060|    |    |1270|____ ----|1100|    |1330|
          |    .WEBJ|____|    |    |----|    |WHAP|____|    |    |----
     1926 |    .1100|WLBE|1150|    |WDWM|WCAM|1250|WJBV| 720|    |WMHA|
          |    .    |1200|    |    |1070|    | 694|WSOM|    |    |1300|
          |____.    |____|    |    |    |    | 698|1040|    |    |----
     4/26  ----|1100|    |    |    |1070| 890| 930|1040| 720|    |
     1927 |WHPP|    |    |    |    | 930|    |1010|    |    |    |
          |1450|    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |
     6/15 |1450|1170|    |1360|1250| 830|1340|1270|1220|1170| 790|
     1927 |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |
          |    |    |    |    |    .1250|    |    |WEVD|    |    |
     12/1 |1450|1170|    |1360|1250.1250|1340|1270|1220|1170| 980|
     1927 |    |____|    |    |    .WCAP|    |    |    |    |    |
          |    |         |    |    .    |    |    |    |    |    |
     11/11.1420|         |1210|1280.1280.1280|1300.1300.1300.1300|
     1928 .____|         |____|    .    .    |    .    .    .    |
                              |    .    .    |    .    .    .    |
     1930                     |    .    .    |    .    .    .    |
                              |    .    .    |WFAB.    .    .    |
                              |    .    .    |    .    .    .    |
     1934                     |WTNJ.    .    |    .    .    .    |
                              |    .    .    |    .    .    .    |
                              |    .    .    |    .    .    .    |
     1938                     |    .    .    |-------  .    .    |
                              |    .    .    |____     .    .    |
     3/29                     |1310.1310.1310|    |1330.1330.1330|
     1941                     |    .    .    |    |    .    .    |
                              |    .    .    |    |    .    .    |
     1945  ____               |    .    .    |    |    .    .    |
          |WBUD|              |    .    .    |    |    .    .    |
     1950 |1490|              |    .WJLK.    |    |    .    .    |
          |    |              |1300|    |    |    |    .    .    |____
     1960 |1260|              |WAAT|    |    |    |    .WPOW.    |WHWH|
          |    |              |    |    |    |    |    .  <----- |1350|
     1970 |    |              |    |    |    |____|    .    |    |    |
          |    |              |WTNJ|    |    |WPRJ|    .    |    |    |
     1980 |    |              |WIMG|    |WSSJ|1310|WNYMl--- |    |    |
          |    |              |    |    |    |WBIO|1330 ____|    |    |
     1990 |    |              |1300|1310|1310|WXMC|WWRV|    |1330|    |




         METROPOLITAN NEW YORK CHART #5


     1922
                                    ____
                                   .WEAM.
     1923                          . 833.            ____
                                   |1050|           .WSAP.
                     ____ ____     |1150|           . 833.
     1924           |WWGL.WIBT|    |    |           |1400|
                ____|1420.1420|    |    |           |    |
               |WKBK|WMSG|----     |    |_________ ---- ____|    |____
     1926      |WBNY|1410|WKBQ|    |    |WBBC|WCGU|WFRL|WARS|WSDA|WOKO|
               |1430| 990|1052|    |    |1200| 865|1460|1010|    |1290|
               | 930|    |    |    |    |1120| 855| 910|1016|1140|    |
     4/26      |1010| 990|1040|----|    |1120|    |1460|1190|1140|    |
     1927      |    |    |    |WCDA|    |1160|1300|1230|    |    |    |
               |    |1070|    |1250|    |    |    |    |    |    |    |
     6/15      |1270.1270|1370|1420|1250|1320|1420|1370|1320.1320|1390|
     1927      |    .    |    |    |1140|    |1370|WLTH|WARS/l-- |    |
               |    .    |    |    |    |    |    |1170|WSDA ____|    |
     12/1      |1270.1270|1370|1420|1140|1320|1370|1170|1320|    |1390|
     1927      |    .WPUB|    |    |    |    |    |    |WSGH/    |    |
               |    .WMSG|    |    |    |    |    |    |WSDA|    |    |
     11/11     |1350.1350.1350.1350|1370|1400.1400.1400.1400|    |1440|
     1928      |    .    .    .    |____|    .    .    .    |    |    |
               |    .    .    .    |    |    .    .    .    |    |    |
     1930      |    .    .    .    |    |    .    .    .WFOX|    |    |
               |WAWZ.  --WBNXl---- |    |    .    .    .    |    |1430|
               |    .___.     _____|    |    .    .    .WFVW|    |    |
     1934      |      .      |          |    .WARD.    .WVFW|    |    |
               |      .      |          |    .    .    .    |    |    |
               |      .      |          |    .    .    .    |    |    |
     1938      |      .      |          |    .    .    .    |    |    |
               |      .      |          |    .    .    .    |    |    |
     3/29      | 1380 . 1380 |          |1430.1430.1430.1430|    |1460|
     1941      |      .      |          |WBYNl------------  |    |    |
               |      .      |          |     ______________|    |    |
     1945      |      .      |          |    |         |WCTC|    |    |
               |      .      |          |WNJR|         |1450|    |    |
     1950  ____|      .      |      ____|    |         |    |----|    |
          |WNNJ|      .      |     |WHTG|    |----     |    |WGNR|    |
     1960 |1360|      .      |     |1410|    |WBAB|    |    |WNRC|    |
          |    |      .      |     |    |    |1440|    |    |WVOX|    |
     1970 |    |      .      |     |    |    |    |    |    |1460|    |
          |    |      .      |     |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |
     1980 |    |      .      |     |    |    |WNYG|    |    |    |WWCN|
          |    |    -----WKDM|     |    |    |    |    |    |    |WOKO|
     1990 |    |------   1380|     |    |1430|    |    |    |    |WGNA|




         METROPOLITAN NEW YORK CHART #6


     1922


     1923
                          ----
                         |WRAZ|
     1924                |1290|
                         |WCBX|
           ______________| WNJ|____ ---- ----      ----      ---- ----
     1926 |WTRL|WIBS|WKBO|    |WBMS|WIBI|WTRC|    |WLBX|----|WWRL|WBKN|
          |1070|1480|1410| 857|1340|1370|1250|    |1070|WMBQ|1160|1030|
          |    |1450| 634|    |    |    |1256|    |    |    |    |    |
     4/26 |1070| - -|1410| 850|1340|1370|1250|    |1300|1430|1160|1210|
     1927 |    |1450|    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |
          | 930|    |    | 930|    |    |    |    |    |    |    |    |
     6/15 |1450|1470|1370|1070|1120.1120|1470|    |1470.1470|1120.1120|
     1927 |    |    |    |    |    .    |WTFF|    |    .    |    .    |
          |    |    |    |    |    .    |    |    |    .    |    .    |
     12/1 |1450|1470|1370|1120|1500.1500|1480|    |1470.1470|1500.1500|
     1927  ----|    |    |    |    .WGOP|WJSV|    |    .    |    .    |
               |    |    |    |    .----|    |    |    .    |    .WCLB|
     11/11     |1450.1450.1450.1450|    |1460|    |1500.1500.1500.1500|
     1928      |    .    .    .    |    |    |    |    .    .    .    |
               |    .WIBS/    .    |    |    |    |    .    .    .    |
     1930      |WHOM.WKBO.    .    |    |    |    | -----------  .WMIL|
               |  ---------------  |    |    |    |____     .    .WCLB|
               |     ______________|    |    |____     |    .    .    |
     1934      |    |                   |    |W2XR|    |    .    .WCNW|
               |    |                   |    |1550|    |    .    .    |
               |    |                   |    |WQXR|    |  -----  .    |
     1938      |    |                   |    |    |    |____     .    |
               |    |                   |    |    |         |    .    |
     3/29      |1480|                   |1500|1560|         |1600.1600|
     1941      |    |                   |    |    |         |    |WLIB|
               |    |                   |    |    |         |    |1190|
     1945      |    |                   |    |    |         |    |    |
               |    |          ____     |    |    |         |    |    |
     1950      |    |         |WKBS|    |WTOP|    |         |    |    |
               |    |_________|1520|    |    |    |---- ____|    |    |
     1960      |    |WKER|WRAN|WKIT|    |    |    |WCRV|WERA|    |    |
               |    |1500|1510|WFYI|    |    |    |1580|1590|    |    |
     1970      |    |    |    |WTHE|----|    |    |    |    |    |    |
               |    |    |    |    |WELA|    |    |    |    |    |    |
     1980      |WJIT|    |    |    |1530|    |    |    |    |    |    |
               |    |    |WMHQ|    |WJDM|    |    |WSRR|    |    |    |
     1990      |WZRC|    |----|    |    |    |    |----|    |    |    |